Earthquakes are a common phenomenon in many parts of the world and very few buildings can withstand the impact of their intense seismic forces. When it comes to creating such structures, people in the construction industry primarily focus on ensuring that their designs are strong enough to support the vertical loads of the roof and walls. However, such natural calamities exert a lateral pressure to such buildings that are difficult to account for and counteract. Experts in the field of civil engineering are the opinion that an effective way to make such structures resistant to such forces is to bind the foundations, walls, ceilings and floors within a rigid box. This makes such buildings capable of enduring the vibrations of a quake.
V. Reddy Kancharla is a reputed civil engineer from Briarcliff Manor, New York in the United States. He has over has over two and half decades of experience in the areas of civil construction and geotechnical consultation. In addition to this, this master’s degree holder from Texas Tech University in Lubbock is also a leading expert in the areas of construction quality assurance and control. In fact, he is responsible for implement various quality services in accordance with ISO standards. He is the mastermind behind the design, development, construction and maintenance of a diverse range projects in the country. These include high-rise apartment building in the city of New York, the USTA National Tennis Center, terminals 1, 4, 5 and 7 of the John Fitzgerald Kennedy Airport and Yankee Stadium.
Use of materials flexible enough to resist seismic pressure
He warns that individuals in the construction industry should never attempt to build a structure without reinforcing the bricks or using only a concrete block especially in areas prone to earthquakes. In many cases, these people usually construct the walls by stacking bricks one on top of the other, which they hold together with the aid of mortar. When they lay the roof, the building’s foundations and walls need strong enough to support its weight. However, during such a disaster, the lateral forces cause such bricks to fall apart and ceiling collapses like a deck of playing cards. This is the reason why it is necessary to construct such buildings with such materials that are flexible enough to absorb, adjust and with standintense seismic pressure.
Engineers designs in quake-prone areas
He goes on to explain that the most noticeable designs civil engineers adopt when it comes to building high-rise structures in such areas is the truss. In this type of construction, the base of the structure is very wide but it becomes narrow as it reaches the top. This enables the building to withstand intense seismic pressure and retain its stability.
V. Reddy Kancharla further clarifies that the practitioners in this profession regard location to be a critical factor in building earthquake-proof buildings. They go out of their way to study the effects of such seismic forces in a particular area especially the condition of the soil. This gives these experts an idea of the type of engineering design they need to adapt to such that the structure they construct retain its stability in the event of such a calamity.